Tag Archives: fly fishing flies identification

4 Reasons Why You Need Kinah In Aion

Aion is no different from many other MMORPG’s and just like with the other MMORPGs you need Gold (Kinah) in Aion. The main reason being, it takes money to make money. So without further ado, let’s go straight to the reasons why you need Kinah.

1. It Takes Kinah To Make Kinah

This can be interpreted in a few ways. The most obvious one being, if you want to get richer with the character you’re using, you need some sort of investment. You need to buy items so that you can sell them again. Either at a higher price, or manipulating the item and selling it that way.

Also keep in mind that if you have alternative characters which you are not using, try to see if you can get every last kinah on your main character, so that you can use it to make even more kinah.

2. Get Those Wings

Aion became famous because you were able to fly in it. It makes sense that you need some sort of wings to fly, and that’s why you need to have kinah. Because in Aion, wings are on the expensive side and you need a bit of kinah to buy it. The wings you can buy in Aion do not only give you the ability to fly, but you also gain additional stats from the wings.

If you are new to Aion and you’re thinking about buying the best wings possible, be ready to open your wallet and have some kinah in it, because wings are expensive.

3. Quick Sales

In Aion you have the ability to either use the Auction House to sell your items, or you can use a global chat to sell them. This is another reason why you need kinah in Aion. People who use the auction house, are usually people who have enough time and money on their hands, meaning they are not in a rush to sell their items.

People who are selling their items in global chat however, are people who want to sell their items as quick as possible. Most of the time they will undercut the prices on the auction house and sell their items for a lower price. If you have enough kinah in  your wallet, you can buy these items and sell them at the auction house for a higher price.

4. Help Your Friends

Aion is a MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game) and the multiplayer part is very important. Because you are playing the game with others, means you can help others. Look around for people who are trustworthy and are playing the game on a regular basis. Once you find these people, add them to your friends list. 

Just like in life, people sometimes need to borrow money from other people. It’s useful if you have money to lend these people. Being able to lend money to people, gives you the ability to ask them for favours later on in the game!



Source by Umit Namli

How to Have Lucid Dreams

What are Lucid Dreams?

Lucid dreaming means dreaming while you know that you are dreaming, and when you know you are dreaming within a dream you can also alter the dream course, with practice you can also develop full control over your dreams. You will be able to create anything the mind can imagine, change the environment even change your own appearance, have a chat with Abraham Lincoln or   fly  to the Grand Canyon.

The earliest recorded lucid dreams date back to the fifth century, the record came from a written letter by St. Augustine in 415 A.D. Another well-known recorded example of lucid dreaming came from eight century Tibetan Buddhists in the Tibetan Book of the Dead. The Buddhists wrote of a form of yoga designed to maintain full waking consciousness while in the dream state. This ancient documentation of dreams is said to be more advanced than the knowledge we posses today.

People have been having lucid dreams for as long as the human mind has been dreaming. The first known use of the actual term “lucid dreaming” was by Frederik van Eeden in his work “A Study of Dreams” which was published in the Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research in 1913. (Van Eeden also wrote the novel The Bride of Dreams). Since then the term has become part of our mainstream.

Steps to Lucid Dreaming

“I don’t dream”, have you ever heard someone say this? Or have you even said this yourself? It is not a true statement, everybody dreams nightly, but some people do not remember their dreams. The first step in learning to have lucid dreams, is have the desire to want to remember your dreams. Now before going to bed, have a clear mind, tell yourself that “I will remember my dream when I wake up”. This is a proven and effective way to help dream recall. Having a cluttered mind or worries can distract you from remembering your dream in the morning.

Have a regular sleep schedule, try and get a routine going with a consistent bedtime and wake up time, this will also aid you in your dream recollection. Avoid alcohol consumption or taking medication before going to bed. These things may hinder you from remembering your dreams.

Diet also plays a big part in dream recall, fatty foods or just eating right before you go to bed will task your body with digesting food instead of getting the rest your body needs and will divert your bodily resources from the brain. The most important step in recalling your dreams is to keep a dream journal. Keep a pencil and a notebook or tape recorder next to your bed so that it will be within reach as soon as you wake up. You want to make the task of recording your dreams as easy as possible. Having a small lamp by your bed will help if you wake up from a dream in the middle of the night and need to record it.

Do not get out of bed immediately when you wake up, lay there in your bed keeping your eyes closed and move as little as possible. Wake up slowly and stay relaxed, hold on to your feelings you have and let your mind wander to the images of what you have just dreamed, write down as many details as possible about your dream, do not judge the content, just record it, so later you can go back and evaluate it when you are more aware. Talking to people about your dreams to friends or participating in some on-line forums will also help dream recall.

How to Have a Lucid Dream

Once you get your dream journal going and are able to recall at least two dreams a night then you can start the steps to having a lucid dream. There are many ways to key yourself to the fact that you are dreaming but I will discuss a couple of the easiest for beginners. First there is Reality Testing (RT). How reality testing is done, is you ask yourself “Am I dreaming?” Finding that out in a dream is not always the easiest thing to do, but is usually quite obvious if you are dreaming or not. If you find yourself in an unfamiliar place, or doing something or seeing something that will not likely happen in reality, you will know that you are dreaming. Now if you are in your bed or in your own house, then you can try looking at something like a clock or reading a book or something, look away, then look back and see if the time is the same or the words you read are the same. Try changing the color of something just by thinking about it. Ask yourself this question “Am I dreaming?” several times during the day, then you will be more apt to ask yourself this in a dream.

The second way to realize that you are dreaming in a dream is to recognize a Dreamsign. When your recognize this dreamsign you will realize that you are dreaming. (ie. A pink elephant, meeting deceased people, or magically  flying .) By keeping a dream journal and going back and finding things that are common in your dreams, you can choose a dreamsign that is unique to you. So when you see your dreamsign you will realize your experience as a dream, and can then further the experiments or work you would like to do in your dream.

Upon becoming Lucid

The biggest problem upon becoming lucid for newbies is that once they realize they are dreaming, they get so excited that it wakes them from their dream. Actually experienced lucid dreamers can have this problem also. There are different ways to extend your dreams, if your dream shows signs of ending some people have claimed success by spinning to help the dream come back, in other words making their dream self start to spin like an ice skater, and remind yourself the next scene will be a dream, to ensure you are still dreaming do a RT. Sometimes just running, or jumping can prolong your dream. Once you become proficient in achieving a Lucid Dream state, and are able to maintain this state to some degree, the next step will be controlling your dreams.

Controlling your Dream

Now the fun part! Once you are lucid dreaming the world is yours, anything you can imagine can happen in your dream. Have you ever wanted to be a superhero? Be able to turn invisible, to live as a millionaire, to sail around the world. The thing that I personally have had experience with is  flying  in my dream, the first time you accomplish flight in your dream you will have the most amazing sense of freedom that you have ever felt. Just think about it, if you could  fly  like a bird, the wind in your hair, the freedom to go anywhere, well you get the picture. People have used the experiences in their lucid dreams to improve their waking lives also, for instance, playing the piano better, improving at ice skating, or business success, some people even claim to have religious experiences.

Science has only just begun to examine the process of lucid dreaming. Some researchers view it as an evolutionary development of mankind and our consciousness expanding. Whether we are evolving or have always had this ability, we certainly are not taking advantage of all it has to offer. If we could become more disciplined with our dream work we would have many more options in which to learn and grow.



Source by Charles Hamel

Is Hypnotherapy The Answer To Phobias

Phobias are intense and irrational fears that create strong fear and panic in a person. They interfere with a person’s ability to socialize, work and in severe cases, live normally.

Most people experience anxiety or fear about certain events in their lives. For example, it is stressful for the majority of people to attend a job interview or to be assessed for performance at work. Phobias, however, are irrational fears that can prevent people from living normal lives.

Phobias belong to a spectrum of mental problems known as “anxiety disorders” and can be separated into three basic types: specific phobias, social phobia and agoraphobia. Specific phobias revolve around the fear of a specific object or situation.

Common specific phobias include fear of flying, and fear of snakes and spiders. If the specific phobia is not encountered often in a person’s life, it will probably not be very disruptive. However, if it is a common occurrence then the afflicted person may well be living in an unhealthy mental and emotional state and not be functioning at their best.

Social phobias include being afraid of being watched and evaluated by others when in public, fear of public speaking and stage fright. People experiencing social phobias are more than just uncomfortable or worried, they are intensely anxious.

Agoraphobia is a fear of being trapped and of experiencing a panic attack in a public place. A panic attack is usually the trigger for agoraphobia. When many people experience a panic attack away from home, they fear the experience occurring again and therefore desire to avoid public places. For many people, this means never leaving home.

The symptoms of phobias include a sense of terror and often impending disaster, increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and sweating palms. These symptoms can be triggered by simply expecting the event or circumstance that triggers the phobia. For example, people who have a fear of flying may experience anxiety symptoms for days before the event.

Phobias can have a strong hold on individuals. Traditional methods of dealing with phobias include the use of medications to block feelings of anxiety and panic, and cognitive-behavioural therapy which helps people to retrain their thoughts and responses. However, many people have had great success in overcoming phobias through the use of hypnosis. Hypnosis is used to treat phobias by reprogramming thinking patterns. Hypnosis is able to by-pass the conscious mind with its tendency to resist change. The suggestions target the subconscious mind and are readily accepted.

The fears which cause phobias reside in the subconscious mind. The original cause of the fear may have been valid but is no longer real. Hypnosis can reach this part of the mind and give it suggestions to ease the anxiety and convince it that there is no longer any valid reason to retain these fears.

Common phobias aided (and even cured) by hypnosis include:

o Fear of flying and other forms of travel.

o Fear of heights.

o Fear of childbirth.

o Fear of animals (usually a specific type).

o Fear of insects (spiders are very common).

o Fear of performing.

o Stage fright.

o Claustrophobia and agoraphobia.

o Fear of nightmares (can cause insomnia).

o Fear of the dark.

o Fear of doctors and dentists.

o Fear of exams.

Unlike medication based treatment, hypnosis has no negative side-effects. Even cognitive-behavioural therapies can have negative side-effects because some of them can trigger severe panic in order to desensitize a person. This is extremely traumatic for many people. Hypnosis, on the other hand is very relaxing and soothes the nerves. It calms anxiety and gently gives suggestions directly to the subconscious mind. As such it offers benefits even beyond the purpose of eliminating phobias.

As a practicing hypnotherapist, I have helped many clients to overcome debilitating fears and cure phobias and thereby become fully functional and successful human beings. If you are suffering and want to cure a phobias that is limiting your choices and your life, I strongly recommend you seek the services of a qualified hypnotherapist near you.



Source by Steve Burns

Flight Sims and Helicopters

An important part of the demand for online flight simulators is the demand for helicopter simulation, and this desire has been met with the inclusion of many helicopter   flying  sims in most FS programs. Helicopter  flying  is a whole new level of experience to the joys of online flight sims, and for the helicopter enthusiast this is a welcome addition.

Web design might be an expensive small business, specifically if a Written content Management Program (CMS) is demanded. Business CMS charge quite a few thousands of lbs, even so open supply CMS have already been shown to be just as great – if not far better, which is why Drupal website design continues to be used by big organisations; examples are NASA, The White Property, MTV-UK and Yahoo Analysis. A CMS application is applied to create, edit, handle and publish content inside a routinely organised fashion.

Drupal for Internet Design:

It truly is ideal for internet design and style as it is an award-winning CMS which has a wide selection of characteristics for instance multi-user administration, neighborhood interactivity and news aggregation. The Drupal open source group have produced a lot of other characteristics readily available. It really is modular, straightforward to adapt to almost any condition and is properly established getting been utilised by the complete spectrum of firms ranging from your incredibly small to your very substantial.

Its progress might be witnessed by looking at the way in which it continues to be profitable awards:-

  • 2006 ‘Best Overall Open Source CMS’ (2nd location)
  • 2007 ‘Best Overall Open Supply CMS’ (moved up to 1st put) and ‘Best PHP Open Source Subject material Management System’ (2nd spot)
  • 2008 ‘Best Overall Open Source CMS’ (nonetheless in 1st spot) and ‘ Most effective PHP Open Supply Material Management System’ (moved up to 1st spot)
  • 2009 ‘Best PHP Open Source drupal website development Management System’ (even now in 1st place) and ‘Open Source CMS’ Hall of Fame

Higher Profile Sites making use of Drupal:

These contain Lime.com, Ubuntu.com, Yahoo Research, The brand new York Observer, Warner Bros Information, Quickly Provider, (a business/technology magazine with more than 200,000 pages). The website online of Common Science (about 60,000 pages) has been re- developed to move to Drupal and it’s also used by several universities. Drupal is highly modular and is a sound foundation for net style.



Source by Bill Bass

The Angler And His Fishing Vest

As the years go by it is safe to say that anglers, whether they specialize in   fly  fishing, in spinning, trawling or whatever, will end up with an enormous amount of gear and gadgets of all sorts. Some of these are stored safely in larger tackle boxes, but a lot of it needs to be carried, and brought out, while actually fishing. This is where the fisherman’s vest comes into its own. It is, par none, the best way of carrying your accessories with you.

It is one of the most personal items a fisherman owns and as usually happens with personal items, if you ask ten or twenty fishermen for their suggestions on the best vest design, you will get ten or twenty different answers.

Having said that however, a fishing vest has one principle requirement and that is simply to carry everything you will need while fishing. This will include a huge array of different items (or stuff for the non fisherman). This really means that a fishing vest has to have a great number of pockets, of different sizes and easily accessible but with the proviso that nothing falls out of its own accord. Where is my tackle box? is not something you want to say while in the middle of a stream changing a  fly .

Fishing vest will vary in the number of pockets they have and this variation can go from ten to twenty-five different pockets, distributed mainly in the front.

There can be many designs, but there really are two different styles (not necessarily designs).

One is the short vest which reaches somewhere above the waist – some fishermen use larger sizes that make the short vest reach below the waist, but that is just personal choice. This type of vest is used for wading, so it doesn’t flap in the water if you wade in deeper. There is nothing worse than suddenly looking down only to find half your lower pockets are happily sloshing about in water.

The other is the full vest that differs in its length, reaching below the waist.

A fishing vest is most definitely a personal item and so the design and style reflects the particular type of fishing an angler practices, as well as his or her likes and dislikes. In time, and with constant use, the way you distribute all your fishing items will become automatic and ordered. You will always find a particular item in the same pocket. Therefore if you buy a new one, with a different pocket distribution (or amount of pockets), you will typically be fumbling around, at least in the beginning. Making it personal is part of the process of using it – the more the better, for many obvious reasons (the main one being that you are fishing more often).



Source by Philip Robinson

Flying High With Airline Reservations

Going to different countries and cities can be quite time consuming, especially if you need to check for connecting flights. Gone are the days when you need to go to airline offices, travel agencies or make thousands of calls just to book your flight. With the Internet, you can now make your reservations online. In fact, there are various airline companies with marked excellence when it comes to providing the best services. We discuss a few of them here.

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines

This is the national airline of the Netherlands. It was founded in 1919. Through the years, KLM has offered both domestic and international flights. It caters to passengers and cargo flights to more than 90 destinations including Europe, Middle East, Asia, North and South America, Africa and Dubai.

It has made an alliance with two other airlines, Boeing and Northwest Airlines. In 2003, there was the merging of Air France and KLM. This airline shares it social and environmental responsibilities by reducing the amount of Carbon Dioxide produced by the aircraft while investing on projects that aims to eliminate such emissions. This airline offers Business class and economy class on their flights.

Their World business class aircraft features 170-degree angle lie-flat seats, laptop power ports, massage functions, audio and video TVs along with email or text messaging services and privacy canopies. All seats have reading lamps, personal phones and footrests. They also offer snacks, beverages and a three-course meal.

Economy class, on the other hand, has text and email messaging functions, personal telephones and a personal audio video TV. Passengers are served with complimentary sandwiches, hot meals and drinks, with an exception for champagne.

US Airways, Inc

This was previously named USAir. In 2005, it merged with America West and used the name US Airways. This airline services 30 countries and operates 3,512 daily flights to 231 destinations including the Caribbean, Europe, Central America, North America and Hawaii. Being the fifth largest airline in the US, it features jet aircraft, regional jets and turbo-prop aircraft.

US Airways offer Envoy class, Domestic First class and Economy class on their flights. Envoy class has video screens that offer movies, games and TV shows. They are featured in multiple languages. In some aircraft, there is also a provision for lie-flat seats and leg rooms. They offer free food and beverages.

Domestic first class offers free beverages, snack and nuts. If the flight is longer than 3.5 hours, passengers are given a complete meal. The Economy class is available in all aircraft and features personal video screens which include movies and games that are translated in different languages. Meals, snacks and beverages are available for purchase.

Japan Airlines (JAL)

This is amongst the largest airline operators in Asia and was established in the year 1951. At the time of its merge with Japan Air System, they were considered as the 6th largest in the world, based on the number of passengers carried. They even ranked third as per revenue.

It has served a number of air flights in Asia, Oceania, America and Europe. International flights feature First class with fully flat Skysleepr Solos, Executive class with Seasons Shell Flat Seats and the Economy class. For Executive and First classes, all seats are wider having a center console that is expanded.

This airline provides an entertainment system called MAGIC. It features phones, destination guides, games and movies. MAGIC also has catalogue for the passengers’ shopping needs via duty-free. All aircraft have in-flight magazines.

Aside from JAL’s international airlines, it also caters flights for food and catering businesses, freight services as well as low-yield flights going to most resorts of Hawaii and Southeast Asia. JAL owns six domestic airlines that have been added to its mainline. These destinations include Hokkaido, Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, Ryukyu Islands and Western Japan.



Source by David Urmann

Where to Buy Slocums River at a Cheaper Price

If you are into   fishing , of course, you will need a set of  fishing  gears like your  fishing  rods,  fly   fishing  and even inflatable boat if you need it. But the most important of all is the fishing rod. If you are fishing in the river, the best fishing equipment that you can have is the slocums river rod. It’s one of the most reliable fishing rods that you can have for fishing. This will help you out in catching the fish that you desire. Now, you’re maybe wondering where you can actually buy this kind of fishing rod. Below are some tips where to actually buy this fishing rod in cheaper price.

Actually, the best place that you can purchase this in cheaper price is in the internet. The internet has a wide scope of varieties for all the fishing gears around the world. You will have a lot of assortment to choose from. Since this modern time, a lot of people have been engaged with the use of the internet, most of the businessmen use this as a tool for their marketing. But for them to attract their potential customers, they need to have some catchy features like offering promos such as sale price, freebies, and free shipping. That’s why if you want to get this slocums river in cheaper price, better get them online.

So, now that you already know why it’s cheaper to get them online, feel free to browse your internet and look for some potential sites that offer this kind of benefits to their consumers. Open as much sites as you can so you can do some price comparison and also their features. Since you’re looking for slocums river, look for its specific details and description on each site.

After looking for that specific information, before you decide to purchase anything, try to consider these few factors which are very essential. Before you fill any form, try to read first some vital information like the policy, return policy to be particular with. Aside from that also read their terms and condition and their contract policy. Return policy gives you the opportunity to return the product in case of dissatisfaction or any problem that you will encounter. It’s also stated in their return policy on what kind of problem they will only cover. After reading this vital information, you can now purchase a slocums river.

Hopefully, this information has helped you in figuring out how you can purchase slocums river in a cheaper price.



Source by Adam Hermann

Repairing Holy Waders

There are few things on this planet that are worse than holy waders. I’m not referring to getting a rip in your waders that can be easily patched. What I’m referring to is waders that have bunches of little tiny holes in them from not being stored properly. That’s the cause of this kind of thing happening, you know? If you don’t store your waders properly (especially in the case of breathable waders), they will develop small, pinhole leaks that will ruin them.

Have you ever been standing in the water up to your crotch, when you feel something on your leg? You try to ignore it, thinking that if you ignore it, it might go away. Then, when you get done fishing for the day you remove your waders, only to find out that your socks are soaked! Small holes, like the one’s I’m describing are all but impossible to fix. If this happens to you, you’re probably going to want to look into buying a new pair of waders, and storing them in the proper fashion. What’s the proper fashion? Simple. Hanging Upside Down. And in the case of breathable waders, inside out & upside down. Store your waders in these ways, and you won’t have the problem of pinhole leaks.

For larger holes, like punctures and/or tears, the repair kit that comes with your waders can be used. Just follow the instructions that come with the repair kit, and you’ll be good to go. Another great product for repairing holy waders is called Aquaseal. Aquaseal is simply squeezed out of the tube and spread over the area of the hole and left alone to dry. After twenty-four hours of drying time, the hole is fixed. Aquaseal is a great product for repairing holy waders. The bottom line is to store your waders properly, so that holy waders don’t occur. When rips and tears occur, use the repair kit that your waders came with or buy yourself a tube of Aquaseal.



Source by Trevor Kugler

Why The Bass Fishing Season Has Never Been Better

Studies indicate that the bass fishing this year is expected to be very hot, especially in the traditional hotspots for bass fishing. This is expected to be particularly good in the bass fishing regions of Pennsylvania.

The regional supervisor of the Fish and Boat Commission said that fishermen can expect a large population of smallmouth and largemouth in the fishing rivers, and that bass are abundant in the main braches of most rivers. Normally, the fish population remains pretty steady, especially the bass population, he said, but now the populations are up and ripe for an excellent bass fishing season.

As far as what is expected to work best this year for bass lures, some strategic tips were offered, although he stated that bass fishermen “pretty much know what they are doing, and you can rarely give them advice”, he said with a smile. He suggested minnows and rapala lures when doing your bass fishing on lakes and ponds, and artificial lures such as Mr Twister jigs when on the river. He also noted that Stone Cats are working very well, claiming “those are dynamite for bass”.

The reason that bass fishing is expected to continue to be good around the country in the traditional bass fishing spots is thought to be weather related. Some preliminary studies indicate that a relatively mild winter, and the warmer spring weather starting earlier in the year has given bass a jump start on breeding this year. Although almost all fresh water fish are in this same situation, it is interesting to note that the bass population seems to have really liked the weather this year, especially the much earlier thaw of most northern ponds and lakes.



Source by Jon Arnold

The Benefits of Dung Beetles

During the 1990’s my organisation, called Rivers Australia, held seminars and meetings designed to help overcome damage to the river systems. During that time government organisations were publishing reports on the effect of the Dung Beetle for removing cattle waste from the soil, as they noticed happened in Europe. The Australian species is adept at removing kangaroo and other droppings from native species but not cattle.

WHAT THEY DO:

1. BURY THE DUNG. They carry the dung underground. In videos they are shown rolling dung into balls and then pushing them into their holes where they are kept as a food source. Dung is often eaten by animals, such as dogs, because there is nourishment in it. Research showed they carry 90% of the nitrogen in this material underground.

2. IMPROVE SOIL QUALITY. By putting the waste into the earth they effectively improve the soil so that better crops grow. Animal farmers often spell paddocks from cattle and grow wheat, barley, or other grain to increase their income and produce food for their herds. They harvest hay from the soil as well. The difference between hay and straw is in the time the product is cut.

Hay is harvested before the seed pods appear so that it retains the natural benefits from which animals drive nutrition. Hay, on the other hand, is the remaining stalks after the thresher has collected the grain. It can then be used for bedding, compost, or protection of garden beds in the horticultural industry.

The improved soil helps to greatly increase their yield of all these crops. Studies showed that essential minerals, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulphur, was 80% higher where dung beetles are active.

3. REDUCE FLY STRIKE. The dung is unable to be used by flies for breeding purposes and this cuts down the number of those insects that are such a pest around farms. The benefits from this aspect alone is so valuable because sheep are prone to fly strike where maggots hatch from eggs laid around their hind region. They are then eaten by them as they mature.

4. WORM CONTROL. Experiments showed they reduce infective worm populations breeding in dung by up to 85%

5. IMPROVE WATER QUALITY IN RIVERS. Thanks to the dung beetle there is less fecal material polluting the rivers and stifling native plant and fish species.

6. LESS CHEMICALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT. Because of drenching of animals susceptible to fly strikes in pesticides and the use of other chemicals these materials were washed into the rivers. In places where they settled fish, platypus, and other native species died out. With a reduction in the use of them they are returning and rivers have improved water quality.

7. IMPROVED PASTURE: Cattle will not feed where dung builds up and they excrete some 12 pads of it in a day per animal. It then takes a long time for it to break down. This meant farmers needed to move cattle around in order to keep their feed fresh. This is no longer a problem as the waste is removed and consequently saves farmers time and money.

SUPPLIES OF DUNG BEETLES

It appears that this is another industry attached to that of agriculture as the beetles are bred into commercial quantities. The cost of a thousand is around $700 and for large farms this is expensive as many times that number are required.

Estimates of some 160 different species of the beetle would be required to cover the Australian conditions, which vary so much from place to place. Temperature, drought, floods, and such were just some of the problems they would face. The CSIRO used their labs in Pretoria, South Africa, to conduct most of their research.

It wasn’t until the late 1990’s that farmers were able to access the beetles and utilise all of their benefits. The amount of research and the length of time taken to satisfy all the requirements has been extensive but so many other considerations were required before they were successfully released with assurance that they would not harm the native beetle or cause other problems.

Now people can dine outside without fly wire surrounding them and the other problems farmers faced have been greatly diminished. Thanks to the insight of Dr. Bornemissza, who came to Australia from Hungary in 1951, Australian farmers can now enjoy the benefits of these imported and genetically modified dung beetles on their properties.



Source by Norma Holt